What you need to know about the energy certificate

In principle, anyone who wants to sell or rent out a house or apartment needs an energy certificate. If the energy certificate is missing at the time of viewing or if the requirements of the legislator are violated, fines of up to 15,000 euros may be imposed. That's why you should pay attention to a few things when it comes to the energy certificate.

After careful consideration, you have decided to give up your own home and enjoy a carefree retirement in a domicile suitable for old age? Especially if you then sell your house or apartment on your own, there is one thing you absolutely have to consider in due time: An energy certificate is mandatory, otherwise there is the threat of high fines. It is advisable to take advantage of comprehensive advice.

The energy certificate documents the energy standard of a house, i.e. how much energy the house consumes. This is shown in simplified form using the energy efficiency classes. The scale ranges from class A+, a very good consumption value, to class H, which indicates very high energy consumption. There is also general information about the building, such as the year of construction of the house and the type of heating, for example oil or gas.

There are two types of energy certificates. The demand certificate and the consumption certificate. The difference between the consumption certificate and the demand certificate can be remembered with this little mnemonic: The demand certificate requires a calculation. And one that is not based on consumption values. This is often the case with new construction projects. Future energy consumption must be determined in the planning phase using a complex calculation. This includes all factors such as the insulation of the exterior walls, the energy classes of the windows and the heating technology. But the location of the building and the design also play a role. The theoretical basis of this calculation is always the same, so that energy values of buildings can be compared objectively. Nevertheless, the values should be viewed with caution. This is because they do not take into account a household's own heating behavior or typical energy consumption.

The actual consumption values of a household are always individual and depend on the comfort zone in which the occupants feel comfortable. People who like to take long showers and stay in their homes at a cozy 24 degrees Celsius naturally have a worse energy balance than those consumers who regularly turn off the heating when they leave the house.

The decisive factor is therefore: heating and hot water use. The consumption certificate indicates the energy actually consumed by a house by measuring the real consumption. It is created with the figures of the heating and the hot water preparation. Both are expressed in kilowatt hours per year and square meter of usable building area. The basis for the calculation is usually heating cost statements for the last three years. The consumption certificate is not as informative as the demand certificate, but it is cheaper to produce.

However, when creating it should pay attention to who creates it. On the Internet there are many cheap offers, but there you should be careful, because the quality is often poor. The safest thing to do is to seek advice. Through their many years of experience, real estate experts know who can issue you with a suitable energy certificate. These are usually qualified and licensed professionals such as architects, engineers, master craftsmen with appropriate additional training or energy consultants. You should pay attention to the independence of the consultants. You can find lists of independent and qualified specialists at the Federal Office of Export Control (BAFA), the KfW banking group or the German Energy Agency (dena).

Do you have questions about the energy certificate? Let our experts advise you.

Photo: JFsPic

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